Timeline


Below is a timeline of a few of the events that happened during the time of our ancestors.

1685 – 88 Reign of King James II
1689 – 92 Jacobean Rising in Scotland
1689 – 1702 Reign of King William III & Queen Mary II
1702 - 14 Reign of Queen Anne
1714 – 27 Reign of King George I
1727 – 60 Reign of King George II
1760 – 1820 Reign of King George III
1773 Boston Tea Party
1775 – 83 American War of Independence
1789 – 99 French Revolution
1798 Introduction of Income Tax
1803 – 15 Napoleonic Wars
1813 Monopoly of the East India Company abolished
1815 Corn Laws passed to protect British agriculture from cheap imports
1820 – 30 Reign of King George IV
1823 Rugby Football invented by William Web Ellis
1825 John Nash reconstructs Buckingham Palace
1825 Locomotion No. 1 built by George Stephenson
1829 Metropolitan Police Force set up by Robert Peel
1830 – 37 Reign of King William IV
1831 New London Bridge opened over the River Thames
1832 Cholera spreads from Sunderland, killing over 20,000 people
1833 Abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire
1833 Factory Act passed prohibiting children aged less than nine from working in factories
1834 Poor Law Act passed creating workhouses for the poor
1834 Tolpuddle Martyrs transported to Australia
1834 Fire destroys the Palace of Westminster
1835 Henry Fox Talbot creates the first photographic negative
1836 Births, marriages and deaths must be registered by law
1836 Charles Darwin returns after five year voyage on HMS Beagle
1837 – 1901 Reign of Queen Victoria
1839 – 42 First Opium War and Britain gains Hong Kong
1840 Penny post service begins
1843 Launch of SS Great Britain, the worlds first all metal ship
1844 Railway building mania starts. 5,000 miles of track are built by 1846
1845 – 49 Irish potato famine
1846 Repeal of the Corn Laws
1851 Great Exhibition in Hyde Park
1853 Vaccination against smallpox made compulsory
1853 – 56 Crimean War
1854 Charge of the Light Brigade
1854 10,000 die of cholera in London from contaminated water in the Broad Street area
1858 London came to a standstill in the hot summer because of The Great Stink caused by inadequate sewers
1858 First trans-Atlantic telegraph service
1861 – 65 American Civil War
1871 Great Fire of Chicago
1871 Trade Unions legalised
1875 Sir Joseph Bazalgette completes new sewers in London following The Great Stink of 1858
1876 Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone
1879 Zulu War
1884 Third Reform Act gives all adult men the vote
1888 The Jack the Ripper killings
1891 Free schooling introduced
1899 – 1901 Boxer Rebellion in China
1899 – 1902 Boer War in South Africa
1901 – 10 Reign of King Edward VII
1905 Motor buses first used in London
1907 Taxi-cabs are legally recognized in Britain for the first time
1907 Parliament rejects Channel Tunnel scheme. Finally opens 6th May 1994
1908 Pensions introduced for over 70’s with a weekly income less than 10 shillings (50 pence)
1908 The Children’s Act establishes separate juvenile courts to try children
1909 Introduction of Labour Exchanges
1910 – 36 Reign of King George V
1911 National Insurance Act provides sickness & unemployment benefits
1912 RMS Titanic sinks with the loss of more than 1,500 passengers and crew
1914 – 18 World War 1
1917 – 23 Russian Civil War
1918 The Reform Act gives votes to women over 30
1919 – 21 Irish War of Independence
1920 World wide flu epidemic kills 20 million people
1922 The British Broadcasting Company starts radio transmissions
1927 – 49 Chinese Civil War
1928 Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
1928 All women over the age of 21 get the vote
1929 Start of the Great Depression which lasted almost 10 years
1932 George V makes the first annual Christmas broadcast on radio
1935 Robert Watson-Watt demonstrates Radar
1936 – 39 Spanish Civil War
1936 Jarrow crusade of unemployed marches on London
1936 Reign of King Edward VIII – abdicates in December
1936 The BBC inaugurates the world’s first television service
1936 – 52 Reign of King George VI
1937 Frank Whittle invents the jet engine
1939 – 45 World War 2
1948 National Health Service establishes free medical treatment
1950 – 53 Korean War
1952 Reign of Queen Elizabeth II
1955 – 75 Vietnam War
1967 Capital punishment abolished in the UK for murder
1971 Decimal currency is introduced on February 15th
1973 Britain joins the European Community
1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall and end of the Cold War
1993 European Parliament comes into force
1994 Opening of the Channel Tunnel on 6th May between England and France
1997 Hong Kong reverts to China after 155 years of British rule
2007 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever reigning British monarch
2008 World wide banking crisis. Government has to bail out two major British banks
2015 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the longest reigning UK monarch


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(C) M.T. Gibbs 2015